A Listing of Die Variety Charts

Below is a quick reference listing of the various die variety charts currently available in the Colonial Coin webside.




Die Variety Chart of Constellatio Nova Coppers 1783, 1785

Through the Photofiles at The Colonial Newsletter Foundation Jim Spilman has provided copies of Constellation Nova die charts produced by Kenneth Bressett from coins in the Richard Picker Collection.

Click here for the Complete Die Chart, 1783, 1785, 1786

Also available: the top half of the chart containing all 1783 and 1785 1-B and 3-B
and the bottom half of the chart containing 1785 2-A, 4-C, 4-D, 5.-E and 1786

Individual varieties at a higher resolution of 200 ppi:
1783 - 1-A ; 2-B ; 3-C ;
1785 - 1-B ; 2-A ; 3-B ; 4-C ; 4-D ; 5-E ;

The complete chart with the coins artificially colorized: Revision 1 and Revision 2
Both versions used the same colorized coins but with different backgrounds.




Die Variety Chart of Vermont Coppers 1785-1788

Through the Richard Picker Photofiles at The Colonial Newsletter Foundation Jim Spilman has provided copies of the Richard Picker Vermont die charts which were used by Kenneth Bressett. Jim Spilman has added the ligatures showing the various die relationships and I have redistributed the images and added related imitation halfpence from Vlack's plates to display the full interrelated die groupings.

The Ryder-Richardson coin designation is listed above the combination while in the lower right is the Bressett obverse number or reverse letter. Vlack imitation halfpence numbers and Miller Connecticut copper numbers are included where appropriate. The charts are presented as clickable 125 dpi jpg images. For fast downloading the upper and lower portions of each chart are also offered seperately.

Table 1 - Bressett 1-9   This is the Full image.
Also available: the top half of the chart containing Bressett 1 - 6
and the bottom half of the chart containing Bressett 7 - 9

Table 2 - Biennial groupings of Bressett 10   This is the Full image. These dies, attributed to James Atlee, include Bressett 11-13.
The top half of the chart containing Bressett 10 - 12, 1787
and the bottom half of the chart containing Bressett 10 and 13, 1788

Table 3 - Bressett 14-16 and 21-25   This is the Full image.
The top half of the chart containing Bressett 14 - 16 and 23
and the bottom half of the chart containing Bressett 21, 22, 24 and 25

Table 4 - Bressett 17-20, 26 and RR-5   This is the Full image.
The top half of the chart containing Bressett 17 and 18
and the bottom half of the chart containing Bressett 19, 20, 26 and RR 5




Connecticut Die Variety Charts for 1785 and 1788

Through the Al Hoch Photofiles at The Colonial Newsletter Foundation, Jim Spilman has provided scans of charts for Connecticut obverses and reverses for 1785 and 1788. The charts use the Miller numbers designated in the older superscript style, thus for 1785 Miller 12.1 the designation is 121.

The charts are presented as clickable 125 dpi jpg images. Because of their size (about 500K as compressed JPEG images) half size charts are also available.

Full chart of CT 1785 Obverses   1 - 8.
The top half of chart containing obverses 1 - 4.3
and the bottom half of chart containing obverses 4.4 - 8

Full chart of CT 1785 Reverses   A.1 - M.
The top half of chart containing reverses A.1 - F.2
and the bottom half of chart containing reverses F.3 - M

Full chart of CT 1788 Obverses   1 - 17.
The top half of chart containing obverses 1 - 11
and the bottom half of chart containing obverses 12.1 - 17

Full chart of CT 1788 Reverses   A.1 - S.
The top half of chart containing reverses A.1 - I
and the bottom half of chart containing reverses K - S




Images of CT Varieties from 1785-1788

From the Photofiles at The Colonial Newsletter Foundation, Jim Spilman has provided black and white obverse and reverse images CNLF/CT varieties 1785-1788

Plates from the 1975 EAC Sale. From the Photofiles at The Colonial Newsletter Foundation, Jim Spilman has provided high quality black and white scans of the plates from 1975 EAC Sale, listed by lot number. EAC/CT varieties 1785-1788

CT Attribution Revisions from the 1975 EAC Sale
      by Neil Rothschild
   [added Sept. 8, 2003]

Neil Rothschild has corrected the attribution and typographical errors in the catalogue of the 1975 EAC Connecticut Copper sale and presented this information in two PDF charts. One chart gives the proper Miller attribution by lot sequence. The other chart is organized by year and variety, listing the coppers in the sale by the sequential Miller obverse numbers and cross referencing them with lot numbers. With the first chart one can quickly confirm a lot attribution while the second chart allows one to determine if a specific variety was present in the sale. Note: Lot numbers greater than 1000 represent "A" lots in the catalogue, thus lot number 1079 represents EAC catalogue lot 79A, etc. The numeration was revised by Neil so all the lots could be listed in a databae with a single numerical order (as opposed to a dual listing of numeric and then alpha-numeric lots). The two charts, which are copyrighted by Neil, are linked here, with his permission:

1975 EAC CT coppers identified by lot sequence
and
1975 EAC Ct coppers identified in order by date and Miller obverse.




New Jersey Copper Die Variety Charts 1786-1788

by Roger Moore, M.D. [revised Nov. 10, 2003]


Maris Plate-I

A number of charts exist showing the numerous NJ obverse and reverse die varieties and their known pairings. However, the chart which has withstood the test of time and still serves as the primary reference for identifying NJ coppers is a photograph which appeared in 1881 as part of the classic book, A Historical Sketch of the Coins of New Jersey, written by Edward Maris, MD. A copy of this photograph, which measures 14 3/4 inches by 19 1/8 inches, broken down into four quadrants can be viewed by clicking below.

Maris Plate-1 Photograph: Upper left quadrant.
Lower left quadrant.
Upper right quadrant.
Lower right quadrant.

The Maris 1881 photograph is called the Maris Plate-I Photograph and is a picture of an actual plate made up of the know die varieties of the NJ coins using real coins, electrotypes of coins and possibly photographs of coins. Each die variety is indicated by a specific number (for the obverse dies) or letter (for the reverse dies). The die combinations are shown by ligature lines draw between the relevant obverse and reverse dies. Once the Maris Plate-I was photographed, it was disassembled and no know portion of this plate is know to exist at this time.


Maris Plate-II

A second plate exists, which consists of 140 NJ electrotypes soldered onto a zinc sheet measuring 18 inches by 24 inches and which is very similar to the Maris Plate-I in regard to the NJ die varieties used and their arrangement on the plate. This plate which is called the Maris plate-II is believed to have been made sometime between 1881 and 1900 by Dr. Maris and it presently resides in the New Jersey Historical Society. In spite of the similarities between the Maris Plate-I and Maris Plate-II, a number of differences do exist. The most important differences include showing the "21-R" die combination with the addition of a new ligature line, as well as having a rearrangement of the coin images in order to show the die combinations of the "83-gg" (the "gg" was later changed to "ii"), and the "blank obverse-u". None of these die combinations were known when the photograph of the Maris Plate-I was published. Four quadrant photographs of the Maris Plate-II can be viewed by clicking below:

The following four images are used with permission from the Maris Plate-II in the Collection of the New Jersey Historial Society (Accession number 1953.44).

Maris Plate-II Photograph:

Upper left quadrant.
Lower left quadrant.
Upper right quadrant.
Lower right quadrant.


Maris Plate-III

A third plate made up of a zinc sheet with 140 electrotypes of NJ die varieties soldered to it which was made by Dr. Maris presently exists in a private collection. It was made at some point after the Maris Plate-II. The primary difference in the Maris Plate-III, compared to the Maris Plate-II, is the rearrangement of the electrotypes in the lower left quadrant in order to allow for a better representation of the "21-R" die combination. In the 1940s a photographer names Steven Nagy made four photographs of the Maris plate-III representing each quadrant. Sets of these photographs are occasional available for purchase and one set (in the CNLF photofiles), which has been written on in a number of places to make corrections, can be viewed by clicking below.

Maris Plate-III Photograph:

Upper left quadrant.
Lower left quadrant.
Upper right quadrant.
Lower right quadrant.

A more complete description of the three Maris plates is available in an article, "The Maris Plates", by Roger Moore MD and Dennis Wierzba, published in The Colonial Newsletter, vol. 43, number 2, August 2003, sequential page 2495-2527.




1788 Barbados Original Penny Dies

by Gary A. Trudgen [September 25, 2009]

Listed are the original dies that were employed to strike copper tokens for Sir Philip Gibbs in Barbados. This listing does not include later restrikes and fantasy pieces (P.19 – P.22 and P.24) as previously catalogued by Fred Pridmore in The British Commonwealth of Nations, Part 3: West Indies. This new listing includes five new varieties (2-B, 4-E, 4-G, 5-H, and 5.1-H.1) that were unknown to Pridmore. See the die marriages chart:

Entire chart: thumbnail (250 KB) or full sized (1.9 MB)
Obv 1 and Obv 2 section of chart
Obv 3 section of chart
Obv 4 section of chart
Obv 5 and Obv 5.1 section of chart

Obverse Die Notes

Label

Comments

1

When combined with reverse B to strike P.11 a hairline die crack forms in an arc behind the effigy’s head. Thus, P.10 was struck first.

2

Unknown to Pridmore. Similar to obverse 1 but the legend SERVE is widely spaced, especially between the E and R. Also, the stem of the center feather curves to the right while with all other obverse dies it curves to the left.

3

Large die break in the field to the right of the effigy when combined with reverse D (P.13). When married to reverse C (P.12) there is no break. Thus, P.12 was struck first.

4

The R in the legend SERVE tilts to the left.

5

Unknown to Pridmore. The R in the legend SERVE is nearly vertical. Faint die chip in front of the effigy’s brow can be seen on some specimens.

5.1

Heavily lapped obverse 5. The die chip in front of the effigy’s brow is much more pronounced.


Reverse Die Notes

Label

Comments

A

Tall pineapple base. High 1 in date.

B

When combined with obverse 1 (P.11), a die chip appears just to the right of the stop above the pineapple leaves. A prominent die scratch touches the O in the legend BARBADOES. These defects are not present when married to obverse 2. Thus, combination 2-B was struck before 1-B (P.11).

C

Fatter pineapple than the previous two dies. Ghost image behind the top three leaves.

D

Wide space between the 1 and 7 and between the two 8s of the date. Ghost image behind the top three pineapple leaves.

E

Unknown to Pridmore. Wide space between the 17 and 88 of the date.

F

Right upper most pineapple leaf points directly at P in the legend PENNY. The die crumbles around the second A in the legend BARBADOES in later die states.

G

Unknown to Pridmore. Last 8 in the date wider spaced than the other numerals.

H

Unknown to Pridmore. Wide pineapple base. Digits of date widely spaced. Ghost image behind the top three pineapple leaves.

H.1

Heavily lapped reverse H. The stop between the legend BARBADOES and the date was removed by the lapping. Heavy die break extending from the left side of the pineapple up through the O in BARBADOES. This break also appears at the pineapple base and projects along the left side of the first 8 in the date.


Estimated Rarity

Variety

Pridmore Label

Rarity

   

1-A

P.10

Rare

                     Relative rarity scale:

1-B

P.11

Rare

  Extremely common
(most common)

2-B

--

Very rare

  Very common

3-C

P.12

Very rare

  Common

3-D

P.13

Very rare

  Rare

4-E

--

Very rare

  Very rare

4-F

P.14

Extremely common

  Extremely rare
(most rare)

4-G

--

Extremely rare

   

5-H

--

Rare

   

5.1-H.1

--

Very rare

   



Images of Selected NJ Varieties from Maris 10-78

From the C4 Photofiles Angel Pietri has provided color obverse and reverse images of selected New Jersey varieties in Maris number order, starting with Maris 10-G. Attributions have been updated and corrected by Ray Williams in an e-mail of Sept. 10, 2003. The number following the Maris attribution is the C4 photo number. Thus Maris-10-G-1093 represents a New Jersey Maris 10-G combination, which is inventoried as image 1093 in the C4 Photofile.




Massachusetts Copper Die Charts 1787-1788

Below are copies of the Robert Vlack Massachusetts cent and halfcent die charts created in 1978, including interrelated die groupings. Contemporary conterfeits and a rarity scale are included.

Ryder coin designations are listed. The charts are presented as clickable 125 dpi jpg images, with details available for specific types.

Chart I - MA 1787 cents and some of the 1788 cents.
The top half of chart containing the 1787 cent dies
and the bottom half of chart containing part of the 1788 cents

Chart 2 - a continuation of the MA 1788 cents along with contemporary counterfeits.
The top half of chart containing the remainder of the 1788 cents
and the bottom half of chart containing contemporary counterfeits

Full chart of MA 1787 and 1788 halfcents.
The top half of chart containing 1787 halfcents
and the lower portion of chart containing 1788 halfcents
followed by Vlack's 1978 rarity scale





Images of the Fugio Varieties - 1787

From the Photofiles at The Colonial Newsletter Foundation, Jim Spilman has provided black and white obverse and reverse images of many fugio varieties. The varieties not represented are as follows: 1-Z; 1-CC; 1-Z; 9-S; 9-T; 10-OO; 11-X; 12-LL; 13-N; 13-R; 13-JJ; 13-KK; 14-H; 14-X; 16-H; 17-I; 17-T; 18-X; 19-M and 25-PP. Also included are "restrike" varieties 104-FF and 105-QQ.

For a recent well illustrated attribution guide see: Eric P. Newman, United States Fugio Copper Coinage of 1787, Ypsilanti, MI: Jon Lusk, 2008. [available from Charles Davis Numismatic Literature, Box 547, Wenham MA 01984]




Machin's Mills

To view the plates simply click on:

Vlack 1974 Early English Counterfeit Halfpence Struck in America - plate 1, full photo (657K);
top half (238K);
and bottom half (240K)

Vlack 1974 Early English Counterfeit Halfpence Struck in America - plate 2, full view(657K);
top half (250K);
and bottom half (250K).

Earlier version of the Vlack plates from The Colonial Newsletter Foundation Photofiles provided and annotated by Jim Spilman.

Vlack 1965 American "Tory" Halfpence - plate 1, full photo at 100 ppi (413K);
top at 200 ppi (350K);
center at 200 ppi (463K);
and bottom at 200 ppi (338K)

Vlack 1965 American "Tory" Halfpence - plate 2, full photo at 100 ppi (313K);
top at 200 ppi (950K);
center at 200 ppi (888K);
and bottom at 200 ppi (338K)

Another version of the 1965 Vlack plates from The Colonial Newsletter Foundation Photofiles provided by Jim Spilman.

Vlack 1965 American "Tory" Halfpence - plate 1, full photo at 500 ppi (1.3Meg);
top at 500 ppi (613K);
and bottom at 500 ppi (638K)

Vlack 1965 American "Tory" Halfpence - plate 2, full photo at 500 ppi (1.1Meg);
top at 500 ppi (463K);
and bottom at 500 ppi (775K)




Washington Draped Bust Die Variety Charts

The following charts created by Robert Vlack in 1961 were produced from negatives in The Colonial Newsletter Foundation Photofiles and were provided by Jim Spilman.

Variation designations are by Robert Vlack consisting of obverse numbers and reverse letters. The charts are presented as clickable 125 dpi jpg images. For fast downloading the upper and lower portions of each chart are also offered seperately. The individual obverse and reverse varieties are also presented as 500 dpi images.

Click here for the Washington Draped Bust varieties

Individual obverse and reverse varieties at 500 dpi:
Obverses - Obverse 1 ; Obverse 2 ; Obverse 3 ; Obverse 4 ; Obverse 5
Reverses - Reverse A ; Reverse B ; Reverse C

Click here for the Washington Draped Bust, Button on Toga varieties.

Individual obverse and reverse varieties at 500 dpi:
Obverses - Obverse 1 ; Obverse 2 ; Obverse 3
Reverses - Reverse A ; Reverse B ; Reverse C



Washington Military Bust Die Variety Charts

The following charts created by Robert Vlack in 1961 were produced from negatives in The Colonial Newsletter Foundation Photofiles and were provided by Jim Spilman.

Variation designations are by Robert Vlack consisting of obverse numbers and reverse letters. The charts are presented as clickable 125 dpi jpg images. For fast downloading the upper and lower portions of each chart are also offered seperately. The individual obverse and reverse varieties are also presented as 500 dpi images.

Click here forWashington Military Bust Varieties - Plate 1.

Click here forWashington Military Bust Varieties - Plate 2.

Individual obverse and reverse varieties at 500 dpi:
Obverses - Obverse 1 ; Obverse 2 ; Obverse 3 ; Obverse 4 ; Obverse 5 ; Obverse 6 ; Obverse 7 ; Obverse 8 ; Obverse 9 ; Obverse 10
Reverses - Reverse A ; Reverse B ; Reverse C ; Reverse D ; Reverse E ; Reverse F ; Reverse G



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